Fonti utilizzate nella revisione corrente
A.D.A.M. Medical Encyclopedia. ALP – blood test. Updated April 29, 2019. Accessed May 8, 2021. https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/003470.htm
A.D.A.M. Medical Encyclopedia. ALP isoenzyme test. Updated April 29, 2019. Accessed May 8, 2021. https://medlineplus.gov/ency/article/003497.htm
American Board of Internal Medicine. ABIM laboratory test reference ranges. Updated January 2021. Accessed May 10, 2021. https://www.abim.org/Media/bfijryql/laboratory-reference-ranges.pdf
ARUP Consult. Liver disease evaluation. Updated February 2021. Accessed April 18, 2021. https://arupconsult.com/content/liver-disease-evaluation
Friedman LS. Approach to the patient with abnormal liver biochemical and function tests. In: Chopra S, ed. UpToDate. Updated June 10, 2020. Accessed May 8, 2021. https://www.uptodate.com/contents/approach-to-the-patient-with-abnormal-liver-biochemical-and-function-tests
Friedman LS. Enzymatic measures of cholestasis (eg, alkaline phosphatase, 5′-nucleotidase, gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase). In: Chopra S, ed. UpToDate. Updated September 11, 2020. Accessed May 10, 2021. https://www.uptodate.com/contents/enzymatic-measures-of-cholestasis-eg-alkaline-phosphatase-5-nucleotidase-gamma-glutamyl-transpeptidase
Kwo PY, Cohen SM, Lim JK. ACG Clinical Guideline: Evaluation of Abnormal Liver Chemistries. Am J Gastroenterol. 2017;112(1):18-35. doi:10.1038/ajg.2016.517
Lindenmeyer CC. Laboratory tests of the liver and gallbladder. Merck Manual Professional Edition. Updated December 2019. Accessed May 10, 2021. https://www.msdmanuals.com/professional/hepatic-and-biliary-disorders/testing-for-hepatic-and-biliary-disorders/laboratory-tests-of-the-liver-and-gallbladder
Lowe D, Sanvictores T, John S. Alkaline phosphatase. In: StatPearls. Updated August 30, 2020. Accessed May 10, 2021. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK459201/.
MedlinePlus: National Library of Medicine. Alkaline phosphatase. Updated July 30, 2020. Accessed May 10, 2021. https://medlineplus.gov/lab-tests/alkaline-phosphatase/
MedlinePlus: National Library of Medicine. Liver function tests. Updated March 4, 2021. Accessed April 17. 2021. https://medlineplus.gov/lab-tests/liver-function-tests/
MedlinePlus: National Library of Medicine. Comprehensive metabolic panel (CMP). Updated March 2, 2021. Accessed April 18. 2021. https://medlineplus.gov/lab-tests/comprehensive-metabolic-panel-cmp/
Fonti utilizzate nelle precedenti revisioni
2020 review performed by Qian Cheng, PhD, NRCC.
Tietz Textbook of Clinical Chemistry and Molecular Diagnostics. Nader Rifai. 6th edition, Elsevier Health Sciences; 2018. St. Louis, Missouri.
(March 24, 2020) Medlineplus.gov. Alkaline Phosphatase. Available online at https://medlineplus.gov/lab-tests/alkaline-phosphatase/. Accessed on 4/15/2020.
Clinical Chemistry: Principles, Techniques, Correlations. Michael Bishop, MS, MT, 8th edition (2018).
Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol (2015), Vol 35, No 11. Circulating Markers of Liver Function and Cardiovascular Disease Risk. Available online at https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/full/10.1161/ATVBAHA.115.305235?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori%3Arid%3Acrossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub%3Dpubmed. Accessed on 4/16/2020.